Academic publications

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Parris, K. M. (2021). Ecology of Urban Environments, Chinese edition. Translation by Heyi Wei (Wuhan University Press, Wuhan).

Parris, K. M., Barrett, B. S., Stanley, H. M., & Hurley, J., eds (2020). Cities for People and Nature (Clean Air and Urban Landscapes Hub, Melbourne). Free download: 11.6 MB

Parris, K. M. (2016). Ecology of Urban Environments (Wiley Blackwell, Oxford).

Book chapters

Parris, K. M. (in press). Impacts of urbanization on amphibians, and opportunities for their conservation in cities. In M. Aronson & C. Nilon (eds), The Routledge Handbook of Urban Biodiversity (Routledge, New York).

Parris, K. M. (2015). Ecological impacts of road noise and options for mitigation. Pp. 151–158 in R. van der Ree, C. Grilo and D. Smith (eds), Handbook of Road Ecology (Wiley, New York).

Potvin, D. A., Mulder, R. A. and Parris, K. M. (2013). Acoustic and genetic adaptations in the silvereye (Zosterops lateralis).  Pp. 171–180 in D. Gill & H. Brumm (eds), Avian Urban Ecology (Oxford University Press, Oxford).

Parris, K. M. (2009). Towards a comparative ecology of cities and towns. Pp. 567-573 in M. J. McDonnell, A. K. Hahs and J. Brueste (eds), Ecology of Cities and Towns: A Comparative Approach (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge).

Refereed journal articles


Parris, K.M., Heard, G.W. and McKnight, D.T. (2023). Declaration of frogs’ recovery ignores key data: A response to Woinarski et al. 2023. Biological Conservation 283, 110127.

Parris, K.M., Steven, R., Vogel, B., Lentini, P.E., Hartel, J. and Soanes, K. (2023). The value of question-first citizen science in urban ecology and conservation. Conservation Science and Practice, e12917.

Soanes, K., Taylor, L., Ramalho, C.E., Maller, C., Parris, K., Bush, J., Mata, L., Williams, N.S. and Threlfall, C.G. (2023). Conserving urban biodiversity: Current practice, barriers, and enablers. Conservation Letters, e12946.

Kirk, H., Soanes, K., Amati, M., Bekessy, S., Harrison, L., Parris, K., Ramalho, C., van de Ree, R. and Threlfall, C. (2023). Ecological connectivity as a planning tool for the conservation of wildlife in cities. MethodsX, p.101989.


Taylor, L., Maller, C.J., Soanes, K., Ramalho, C. E., Aiyer, A., Parris, K. M. & Threlfall, C. G. (2022) Enablers and challenges when engaging local communities for urban biodiversity conservation in Australian cities. Sustainability Science 17(3), 779-792.

Lowe E.C., Steven, R., Morris, R. L., Parris, K. M., Aguiar, A. C., Webb, C. E., Bugnot, A. B., Dafforn, K. A., Connolly, R. M., & Pinto, M. M. (2022). Supporting urban ecosystem services across terrestrial, marine and freshwater realms. Science of the Total Environment 817:152689.


Kurylo, J. S., Threlfall, C. G., Parris, K. M., Ossola, A., Williams, N. S. G. & Evans, K. L. (2020). Butterfly richness and abundance along a gradient of imperviousness and the importance of matrix quality. Ecological Applications 30, e02144.

Mata, L., Ramalho, C. E., Kennedy, J., Parris, K. M., Valentine, L., Miller, M., Bekessy, S., Hurley, S. & Cumpston, Z. (2020).  Bringing nature back into cities. People and Nature 2 (2), 350–368.


Parris, K. M. (2019). Sensory pollution and the biodiversity crisis. The Ecological Citizen 3 (Suppl A): 55–57.

Scroggie, M. P., Preece, K., Nicholson, E., McCarthy, M. A., Parris, K. M., and Heard, G. W. (2019). Optimizing habitat management for amphibians: From simple models to complex decisions. Biological Conservation 236: 60–69.

Sievers, M., Hale, R., Parris, K. M., Melvin, S. D.,  Lanctôt, C. M. and Swearer, S. E. (2019). Contaminant-induced behavioural changes in amphibians: A meta-analysis. Science of the Total Environment 693: 133570.

Oertli, B. and Parris, K. M. (2019). Toward management of urban ponds for freshwater biodiversity. Ecosphere 10 (7): e02810.

Soanes, K., Sievers, M., En Chee, Y., Williams, N. S. G., Bhardwaj, M., Marshall, A. J. and Parris, K. M. (2019). Correcting common misconceptions to inspire conservation action in urban environments. Conservation Biology 33: 300–306.

Sievers, M. K., Hale, R., Swearer, S. E., and Parris, K. M. (2019). Frog occupancy of polluted wetlands in urban landscapes. Conservation Biology 33: 389–402.


Parris, K. M. (2018) Existing ecological theory applies to urban environments. Landscape and Ecological Engineering 14: 201–208. DOI: 10.1007/s11355-018-0351-4

Parris, K. M., Amati, M, Bekessy, S.A. et al. (2018). The seven lamps of planning for biodiversity in the city. Cities 83: 44–53. DOI: 10.1016/j.cities.2018.06.007

Sievers, M. K., Hale, R., Swearer, S. E., and Parris, K. M. (2018). Contaminant mixtures interact to impair predator-avoidance behaviours and survival in a larval amphibian. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 161: 482–488.

Sievers, M. K., Parris, K. M., Hale, R., and Swearer, S. E. (2018). Stormwater wetlands can function as ecological traps for urban frogs. Ecological Applications 28: 1106–1115. DOI: 10.1002/eap.1714

Sievers, M. K., Hale, R., Parris, K. M., and Swearer, S. E. (2018). Impacts of human-induced environmental change in wetlands on aquatic animals. Biological Reviews 93: 529–554.


Melville, J., Haines, M. L., Boysen, K., Hodkinson, L., Kilian, A., Smith-Date, K. L., Potvin, D. A., Parris, K. M. (2017). Identifying hybridization and admixture using SNPs: application of the DArTseq platform in phylogeographic research on vertebrates. Royal Society Open Science 4: 161061.

Potvin, D. A., Parris, K. M., Date, K. L. S., Keely, C. C., Bray, R. D., Hale, J., Hunjan, S., Austin, J. J., and Melville, J. (2017). Genetic erosion and escalating extinction risk in frogs with increasing wildfire frequency. Journal of Applied Ecology 54: 945–954.


Parris, K. M. (2016). Do we need a new theory of urban ecology? Bulletin of the British Ecological Society 47: 28–31.

Canessa, S., Converse, S., West, M., Clemann, N., Gillespie, G., McFadden, M., Silla, A. J., Parris, K. M. and McCarthy, M. A. (2016). Planning for ex‐situ conservation in the face of uncertainty. Conservation Biology 30: 599–609.


Heard, G. W., Canessa, S. and Parris, K. M. (2015). Interspecific variation in the phenology of advertisement calling in a temperate Australian frog community. Ecology and Evolution. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.1666 (available online)

Keely, C. C., Hale, J. M., Heard, G. W., Parris, K. M., Sumner, J., Hamer, A. J., Melville, J. 2015. Genetic structure and diversity of the endangered growling grass frog in a rapidly urbanizing region. Royal Society Open Science 2: 140255.


Potvin, D. A., Mulder, R. A., and Parris, K. M. (2014). Silvereyes decrease acoustic frequency but increase efficacy of alarm calls in urban noise. Animal Behaviour 98: 27-33.

Moore, A. L., McCarthy, M. A., Parris, K. M., and Moore, J. L. (2014) The optimal number of surveys when detectability varies. PLOS One 9 (12): e115345

Jellinek, S., Parris, K. M., McCarthy, M. A., Wintle, B. A. and Driscoll, D. A. (2014). Reptiles in restored agricultural landscapes: the value of linear strips, patches and habitat condition. Animal Conservation 17: 544-554.

Pollock, L. J., Tingley, R., Morris, W. K., Golding, N., O’Hara, R. B., Parris, K. M., Vesk, P. A., and McCarthy, M. A. (2014) Understanding co-occurrence by modelling species simultaneously with a Joint Species Distribution Model (JSDM). Methods in Ecology and Evolution 5 (5): 397-406.

Keith, D. A., Mahony, M., Hines, H., Elith, J., Regan, T. J., Baumgartner, J. B., Hunter, D., Heard, G. W., Mitchell, N. J., Penman, T., Parris, K. M., Tracey, C., Scheele, B., Simpson, C. C., Tingley, R., West, M. and Akçakaya, H. R. (2014). Detecting extinction risk from climate change with IUCN Red List criteria. Conservation Biology 28 (3): 810-819.

Jellinek, S., Rumpff, L., Driscoll, D. A., Parris, K. M. and Wintle, B. A. (2014). Modelling the benefits of habitat restoration in socio-ecological systems. Biological Conservation 169: 60-67.


Parris, K. M. and McCarthy, M. A. (2013). Predicting the effect of urban noise on the active space of avian vocal signals. The American Naturalist 182: 452-464.

Ritchie, E. G., Nimmo, D. G., Bradshaw, C. J. A., Burgman, M. A., Martin, J. K., McCarthy, M. A., Parris, K. M., Dickman, C. A., French, K., Hobbs, R., Hughes, L., Johnson, C. N., Johnston, E., Laurance, W. F., Lindenmayer, D. B., Lunt, I. D., McIntyre, S., Possingham, H. P., Pressey, R., Watson, D. M. and Woinarski, J. (2013). Relaxed laws imperil Australian wildlife. Nature 498: 434.

Smith, K. L., Hale, J. M., Gay, L., Kearney, M., Austin, J. J., Parris, K. M. and Melville, J. (2013). Spatio-temporal changes in the structure of an Australian frog hybrid zone: a 40 year perspective. Evolution 67: 3442–3454.

Canessa, S. and Parris, K. M. (2013). Multi-scale, direct and indirect effects of the urban stream syndrome on amphibian communities in streams. PLOS One 8(7): e70262.

Hale, J. M., Heard, G. W., Smith, K. L., Parris, K. M., Austin, J. J., Kearney, M. and Melville, J. (2013). Structure and fragmentation of growling grass frog metapopulations. Conservation Genetics 14: 313-322.

Hamer, A. J. and Parris, K. M. (2013). Predation modifies larval amphibian communities in urban ponds. Wetlands 33: 641-652.

Heard, G. W., McCarthy, M. A., Scroggie, M. P., Baumgartner, J. B. and Parris, K. M. (2013). A Bayesian model of metapopulation viability, with application to an endangered amphibian. Diversity and Distributions 19: 555-566.

Jellinek, S., Parris, K. M. and Driscoll, D. A. (2013). Are only the strong surviving? Little influence of restoration on beetles (Coleoptera) in an agricultural landscape. Biological Conservation 162: 17-23.

Jellinek, S., Parris, K. M., Driscoll, D. A. and Dwyer, P. D. (2013) Are incentive programs working? Landowner attitudes to ecological restoration of agricultural landscapes. Journal of Environmental Management 127: 69-76.

McCarthy, M. A., Moore, J. L., Morris, W. K., Parris, K. M., Garrard, G.E., Vesk, P.A., Rumpff, L., Giljohann, K.M., Camac, J.S., Bau, S.S., Friend, T., Harrison, B., and Yue, B. (2013). The influence of abundance on detectability. Oikos 122: 717-726.

Potvin, D. A., Parris, K. M. and Mulder, R. A. (2013). Limited genetic differentiation between acoustically divergent populations of urban and rural silvereyes (Zosterops lateralis). Evolutionary Ecology 27: 381-391.

Wilson, J. N., Bekessy, S., Parris, K. M., Gordon, A., Heard, G. W. and Wintle, B. A. (2013). Impacts of climate change and urban development on the spotted marsh frog (Limnodynastes tasmaniensis). Austral Ecology 38: 11-22.


Potvin, D. A. and Parris, K. M. (2012). Song convergence in multiple urban populations of silvereyes (Zosterops lateralis). Ecology and Evolution 2: 1977-1984.

Wintle, B. A., Walshe, T. V., Parris, K. M. and McCarthy, M. A. (2012). Designing occupancy surveys and interpreting non-detection when observations are imperfect. Diversity and Distributions 18: 417-424.

Canessa, S., Heard, G. W., Parris, K. M. and McCarthy, M. A. (2012). Integrating variability in detection probabilities when designing wildlife surveys: a case study of amphibians from south-eastern Australia. Biodiversity and Conservation 21: 729-744.


McCarthy, M. A., Garrard, G. E., Moore, A. L., Parris, K. M., Regan, T. J. and Ryan, G. E. (2011). The SAFE index should not be used for prioritization. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9: 486-487.

Hamer, A. J. and Parris, K. M. (2011). Local and landscape determinants of amphibian communities in urban ponds. Ecological Applications 21: 378-390.

Potvin, D. A., Parris, K. M. and Mulder, R. A. (2011). Geographically pervasive effects of urban noise on frequency and syllable rate of songs and calls in silvereyes (Zosterops lateralis). Proceedings of the Royal Society B 278: 2464-2469.


Parris, K. M., McCall, S. C., McCarthy, M. A., Minteer, B. A., Steele, K., Bekessy, S. and Medvecky, F. (2010). Assessing ethical trade-offs in ecological field studies. Journal of Applied Ecology 47: 227-234.


Parris, K. M., Velik-Lord, M. and North, J. M. A. (2009). Frogs call at a higher pitch in traffic noise. Ecology and Society 14(1): 25.

Parris, K. M. and Schneider, A. (2009). Impacts of traffic noise and traffic volume on birds of roadside habitats. Ecology and Society 14(1): 29.

McCarthy, M. A., Weller, W. F. and Parris, K. M. (2009). Effects of toe clipping on survival, recapture and return rates of Jefferson Salamanders (Ambystoma jeffersonianum) in Ontario, Canada. Journal of Herpetology 43: 394-401.

2008 and earlier

McCarthy, M. A. and Parris, K. M. (2008). Optimal marking of threatened species to balance benefits of information with impacts of marking. Conservation Biology 22: 1506-1512.

Parris, K. M. and McCarthy, M. A. (2008). Toe clipping of anurans for mark-recapture studies: acceptable if justified. Herpetological Review 39: 148-149.

Parris, K. M. (2006). Urban amphibian assemblages as metacommunities. Journal of Animal Ecology 75: 757-764.

Parris, K. M. and Hazell, D. L. (2005). Biotic effects of climate change in urban environments: the case of the grey-headed flying-fox (Pteropus poliocephalus) in Melbourne, Australia. Biological Conservation 124: 267-276.

McCarthy, M. A. and Parris, K. M. (2004). Clarifying the effect of toe clipping on frogs with Bayesian statistics. Journal of Applied Ecology 41: 780-786.

Parris, K. M. (2004). Environmental and spatial variables influence the composition of frog assemblages in sub-tropical eastern Australia. Ecography 27: 392-400.

Parris, K. M. and Lindenmayer, D. B. (2004). Evidence that creation of a Pinus radiata plantation in south-eastern Australia has reduced habitat for frogs. Acta Oecologica 25: 93-101.

Wintle, B. A., McCarthy, M. A., Parris, K. M. and Burgman, M. A. (2004). Precision and bias of methods for estimating point survey detection probabilities. Ecological Applications 14: 703-712.

McCarthy, M. A., Parris, K. M., van der Ree, R., McDonnell, M. J., Burgman, M.A., Williams, N. S. G., McLean, N., Harper, M. J., Meyer, R., Hahs, A. and Coates, T. (2004). The habitat hectares approach to vegetation assessment: an evaluation and suggestions for improvement. Ecological Management and Restoration 5: 24-27.

Tyre, A. J., Tenhumberg, B., Field, S. A., Niejalke, D., Parris, K. and Possingham, H. P. (2003). Estimating false negative error rates for presence/absence data: Improving precision and reducing bias in biological surveys. Ecological Applications 13: 1790-1801.

Parris, K. M. (2002). More bang for your buck: The effect of caller position, habitat and chorus noise on the efficiency of calling in the spring peeper. Ecological Modelling 156: 213-224.

Parris, K. M. (2002). The distribution and habitat requirements of the great barred frog Mixophyes fasciolatus. Wildlife Research 29: 469-474.

Parris, K. M. and McCarthy, M. A. (2001). Identifying effects of toe clipping on anuran return rates: the importance of statistical power. Amphibia-Reptilia 22: 275-289.

Parris, K. M. (2001). Distribution, habitat requirements and conservation of the cascade treefrog (Litoria pearsoniana, Anura: Hylidae). Biological Conservation 99: 285-292.

Williams, N. S. G., Leary, E. J., Parris, K. M. and McDonnell, M. J. (2001). The potential impact of freeways on native grassland. Victorian Naturalist 188: 4-15.

Lindenmayer, D. B., McCarthy, M. A., Parris, K. M. and Pope, M. L. (2000). Habitat fragmentation, landscape context, and mammalian assemblages in southeastern Australia. Journal of Mammalogy 81: 787-797.

Parris, K. M. (1999). Review: Amphibian surveys in forests and woodlands. Contemporary Herpetology 1999(1). PDF

Parris, K. M. and McCarthy, M. A. (1999). What influences the structure of frog assemblages at forest streams? Australian Journal of Ecology 24: 495-502.

Parris, K. M., Norton, T. W. and Cunningham, R. B. (1999). A comparison of techniques for sampling amphibians in the forests of south-east Queensland, Australia. Herpetologica 55: 271-283.

McGuigan, K., McDonald, K., Parris, K., and Moritz, C. (1998). Mitochondrial DNA diversity and historical biogeography of a wet forest-restricted frog (Litoria pearsoniana) from mid-east Australia. Molecular Ecology 7: 175-186.

Parris, K. M., Drinnan, A. N. and Cantrill, D. J. (1995). Palissya cones from the Mesozoic of Australia and New Zealand. Alcheringa 19: 87-111.

Refereed conference proceedings

Parris, K. M. (2013). Anthropogenic noise constrains acoustic communication in urban-dwelling frogs. Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics 19: 010055.

Parris, K. M. (2002). Assessment of amphibian diversity in the Blackall and Conondale Ranges, south-east Queensland. Pp. 65-75 in A. E. O. Natrass (ed.) Frogs in the Community (Queensland Frog Society Inc., East Brisbane).

Parris, K. M. and Norton, T. W. (1997). The significance of State Forests for conservation of Litoria pearsoniana (Copland) and associated amphibians. Pp. 521-526 in P. Hale and D. Lamb (eds) Conservation Outside Nature Reserves (Centre for Conservation Biology, University of Queensland).

Popular articles

Parris, K. M. (2016). Three ways frogs and roads don’t mix. Pursuit, January 2016.

Parris K. M. (2009). What are strategic impact assessments? Decision Point 32: 4-6.

Parris, K. M. (2006). City slickers. Wildlife Australia Winter 2006: 20-23.

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